In The Spirit of Thanksgiving and Christmas Giiving

spirit of christmas giving2

As a reflection of this time Thanksgiving and Christmas spirit, I am giving away 25 Six Month ECM memberships. Just put “Free Six Months” in the subject, and send to: ectv@earthlink.net and you will receive your Free membership within 24 hours.

For those of you who are in the spirit of giving thanks, I would welcome any amount of support you wish to give. Psst, some will go to two beautiful children which they will find under the Christmas tree on Friday morning. Click Here

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Enjoy ECMs ‘Holiday Season’ Special and
Save 35% On Our 1 Year Membership

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Auroral Mystery Solved – Auroras Caused by Charged Particles

I’m not sure what discovery warrants the title of ‘mystery’, but it was accepted and published in the Journal of Geophysical Research. I guess we have all become aware that ECMs research is ahead of its time, but to frame it beyond mysteries is a bit exorbitant.

I am pretty sure all or most of you have been aware of my research on charged particles going as far back as 1998 when I published my first Equation. To think of this finding as new or mysterious, is well, mysterious.

equation_1998

Equation:
Sunspots → Solar Flares (charged particles) → Magnetic Field Shift → Shifting Ocean and Jet Stream Currents → Extreme Weather and Human Disruption (mitch battros 1998).

For years, scientists have contemplated what triggers the formation of auroral substorms and the sudden bursts of brightness. Appearing in the Journal of Geophysical Research, the current study overthrows existing theories about the mechanism behind this phenomenon.

aurora03

Auroras are dimly present throughout the night in polar regions, but sometimes these lights explode in brightness. Now Japanese scientists have unlocked the mystery behind this spectacle, known as auroral breakup.

Now Japanese scientists from the Kyoto-Kyushu research team has revealed that hot charged particles, or plasma, gather in near-Earth space just above the upper atmosphere of the polar region. This makes the plasma rotate creating a sudden electrical current above the polar regions.

galaxly-sun-magnetics-mantle_plumes-earth_core3_m

“This isn’t like anything that us space physicists had in mind,” said study author Yusuke Ebihara of Kyoto University….. ‘Okay, if you say so’. (writers satirical comment) Ebihara based the study on a supercomputer simulation program developed by Takashi Tanaka, professor emeritus at Kyushu University.

FULL ARTICLE CLICK HERE

_____________________________

spirit of christmas giving2

As a reflection of this time Thanksgiving and Christmas spirit, I am giving away 25 Six Month ECM memberships. Just put “Free Six Months” in the subject, and send to: ectv@earthlink.net and you will receive your Free membership within 24 hours.

For those of you who are in the spirit of giving thanks, I would welcome any amount of support you wish to give. Psst, some will go to two beautiful children which they will find under the Christmas tree on Friday morning. Click Here

_______________________________

Enjoy ECMs ‘Holiday Season’ Special and
Save 35% On Our 1 Year Membership

christmas_holidays_v_blue_by_adni18

If banner is not working click here: http://bit.ly/1IheOn4

no paypal account needed


**We Are Always in Need of Supplemental Support – Thank You.

paypal donate_button_sm

If banner is not working click here: http://bit.ly/1GqtVVb

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Enjoy ECMs Holiday Season Special and Save 35% On Our 1 Year Membership

Happy-Holidays-Blue

Enjoy ECMs Holiday Season Special and
Save 35% On Our 1 Year Membership

If banner is not working click here: http://bit.ly/1IheOn4

no paypal account needed


**We Are Always in Need of Supplemental Support – Thank You.

paypal donate_button_sm

If banner is not working click here: http://bit.ly/1GqtVVb

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New Study Shows Earth’s Tilt Big Player in Climate Change

New research identifies how Earth’s tilt effects climate. For the first time, researchers show a connection between Earth’s tilt called ‘obliquity’, which shifts every 40,000 years, and the movement of a low pressure band of clouds named Intertropical Convergence Zone, or ITCZ.

precession5

Team member Kristine DeLong, associate professor in the LSU Department Geography & Anthropology analyzed data from the past 282,000 years. “I took the data and put it through a mathematical prism so I could look at the patterns and that’s where we see the obliquity cycle, that 41,000-year cycle. From that, we can go in and look at how it compares to other records.” says DeLong.

Milankovitch-cycles5

The standard assumptions about how the variations in the Earth’s orbit influences changes in climate are called Milankovitch cycles. According to these principles, the Earth’s tilt influenced ice sheet formation during the Ice Ages, the slow wobble that occurs on a 23,000-year cycle as the Earth rotates around the Sun called precession affects the Tropics and the shape of the Earth’s orbit that occurs on a 100,000-year cycle controls how much energy the Earth receives.

milankovitch-cycles6

This finding shows that the tilt of the Earth plays a much larger part in ITCZ migration than previously thought, which will enable climate scientists to better predict extreme weather events.

temple_calendar_sky

Historically, the collapse of the Mayan civilization and several Chinese dynasties have been linked to persistent droughts associated with the ITCZ. This new information is critical to understanding global climate and sustainable human socioeconomic development, the researchers said.

FULL ARTICLE CLICK HERE

____________________________________

Happy-Holidays-Blue

Enjoy ECMs Holiday Season Special and
save 35% On Our 1 Year Membership

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Hubble Reveals Diversity Of Exoplanet Atmosphere

Astronomers have used the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and the NASA Spitzer Space Telescope to study the atmospheres of ten hot, Jupiter-sized exoplanets in detail, the largest number of such planets ever studied. The team was able to discover why some of these worlds seem to have less water than expected — a long-standing mystery. The results are published in Nature.

exoplanet

To date, astronomers have discovered nearly 2000 planets orbiting other stars. Some of these planets are known as hot Jupiters, hot, gaseous planets with characteristics similar to those of Jupiter. They orbit very close to their stars, making their surface hot, and the planets tricky to study in detail without being overwhelmed by bright starlight.

Due to this difficulty, Hubble has only explored a handful of hot Jupiters in the past, across a limited wavelength range. These initial studies have found several planets to hold less water than expected opo1436a , opo1354a .

Now, an international team of astronomers has tackled the problem by making the largest ever study of hot Jupiters, exploring and comparing ten such planets in a bid to understand their atmospheres [1]. Only three of these planetary atmospheres had previously been studied in detail; this new sample forms the largest ever spectroscopic catalogue of exoplanet atmospheres.

The team used multiple observations from both the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope. Using the power of both telescopes allowed the team to study the planets, which are of various masses, sizes, and temperatures, across an unprecedented range of wavelengths [2].

“I’m really excited to finally ‘see’ this wide group of planets together, as this is the first time we’ve had sufficient wavelength coverage to be able to compare multiple features from one planet to another,” says David Sing of the University of Exeter, UK, lead author of the new paper. “We found the planetary atmospheres to be much more diverse than we expected.”

All of the planets have a favourable orbit that brings them between their parent star and Earth. As the exoplanet passes in front of its host star, as seen from Earth, some of this starlight travels through the planet’s outer atmosphere. “The atmosphere leaves its unique fingerprint on the starlight, which we can study when the light reaches us,” explains co-author Hannah Wakeford, now at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA.

These fingerprints allowed the team to extract the signatures from various elements and molecules — including water — and to distinguish between cloudy and cloud-free exoplanets, a property that could explain the missing water mystery.

The team’s models revealed that, while apparently cloud-free exoplanets showed strong signs of water, the atmospheres of those hot Jupiters with faint water signals also contained clouds and haze — both of which are known to hide water from view. Mystery solved!

“The alternative to this is that planets form in an environment deprived of water — but this would require us to completely rethink our current theories of how planets are born,” explained co-author Jonathan Fortney of the University of California, Santa Cruz, USA. “Our results have ruled out the dry scenario, and strongly suggest that it’s simply clouds hiding the water from prying eyes.”

The study of exoplanetary atmospheres is currently in its infancy, with only a handful of observations taken so far. Hubble’s successor, the James Webb Space Telescope , will open a new infrared window on the study of exoplanets and their atmospheres.

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Bromo Volcano (East Java, Indonesia): Continuing Ash Emissions

Ash emissions of varying intensity continue from the volcano, producing a plume that rises approx. 500-1500 m above the crater.

bromo

It seems that the emissions are generated by mild explosive activity still relatively deep inside the crater. So far, no images of incandescent ejecta on or outside the crater have appeared, but this might occur soon if activity increases.

According to VSI, volcanic tremor has been elevated with a tendency to increase during the past days.

Access to the volcano remains restricted, as the caldera floor around Bromo (and the cone itself, of course) are now off-limits.

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Village Covered in Film of Soot After Kamchatka Volcano Spews Ashes

A volcano in Russia’s Kamchatka region has spewed ashes, covering a local village with a thin layer of soot, the Emergency Situations Ministry said on Wednesday, the RIA Novosti news agency reported.

volcano

The ash cloud from the Shiveluch Volcano reached 6,500 meters above sea level, the ministry said in a statement, RIA Novosti reported. The volcano is 3,283 meters high.

Winds carried ashes nearly 50 kilometers east of the volcano, reaching the village of Ust-Kamchatsk, where a 1-millimeter layer of ash fallout was registered, the report said.

The incident presented no hazards to local residents’ health, the report said.

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