Super-Earth Planet Likely Made of Diamond


http://earthchangesmedia.com/19359
An alien planet thought to be made largely of diamond may be less than glittering inside, new research shows.
The notion of a diamond planet hinges on an abundance of carbon. A few years ago, scientists reported that the star at the center of a solar system 40 light-years from our own had a…

An alien planet thought to be made largely of diamond may be less than glittering inside, new research shows.

The notion of a diamond planet hinges on an abundance of carbon. A few years ago, scientists reported that the star at the center of a solar system 40 light-years from our own had a carbon-to-oxygen ratio greater than one.

“This observation helped motivate a paper last year about the innermost planet of the system, the ‘super-Earth’ 55 Cancri e,” University of Arizona astronomy graduate student Johanna Teske, explained in a statement.

Planet 55 Cancri e is what’s known as a super-Earth because it is likely a rocky world orbiting a sun-like star, but it has a radius twice as large as that of our own planet, and a mass eight times greater. The hot planet also races around its star at such a close distance that one year lasts just 18 hours.

Drawing on indirect observations of the planet, researchers of the 2012 study suggested its interior contained more carbon than oxygen. But in a new analysis, Teske and colleagues found that the host star doesn’t appear as carbon-rich as previously thought, which might dash hopes for a diamond-packed 55 Cancri e.

Instead of just using one measure for the distant star’s chemical signatures, Teske’s group averaged different indicators of chemical abundance that were not considered previously.

“We find that because this particular host star is cooler than our Sun and more metal-rich, the single oxygen line analyzed in the previous study to determine the star’s oxygen abundance is more prone to error,”

 Teske explained. “Averaging all of these measurements together gives us a more complete picture of the oxygen abundance in the star.”

The researchers found that the host star may actually contain nearly 25 percent more oxygen than carbon. That’s about halfway between the carbon ratio of our sun and the ratio suggested by the previous study.

“In theory, 55 Cancri e could still have a high carbon to oxygen ratio and be a diamond planet, but the host star does not have such a high ratio,” Teske said in a statement. “So in terms of the two building blocks of information used for the initial ‘diamond-planet’ proposal — the measurements of the exoplanet and the measurements of the star — the measurements of the star no longer verify that.”

Teske also explained that the compositions of planets and stars don’t always match; the makeup of a planet also seems to depend on planet-forming processes that are not fully understood, she said.

“Depending on where 55 Cancri e formed in the protoplanetary disk, its carbon-to-oxygen ratio could differ from that of the host star,” Teske said in a statement. “It could be higher or lower. But based on what we know at this point, 55 Cancri e is more of a ‘diamond in the rough.’”

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About Earth Changes Media w/ Mitch Battros

Mitch Battros is a scientific journalist who is highly respected in both the scientific and spiritual communities due to his unique ability to bridge the gap between modern science and ancient text. Founded in 1995 – Earth Changes TV was born with Battros as its creator and chief editor for his syndicated television show. In 2003, he switched to a weekly radio show as Earth Changes Media. ECM quickly found its way in becoming a top source for news and discoveries in the scientific fields of astrophysics, space weather, earth science, and ancient text. Seeing the need to venture beyond the Sun-Earth connection, in 2016 Battros advanced his studies which incorporates our galaxy Milky Way - and its seemingly rhythmic cycles directly connected to our Solar System, Sun, and Earth driven by the source of charged particles such as galactic cosmic rays, gamma rays, and solar rays. Now, "Science Of Cycles" is the vehicle which brings the latest cutting-edge discoveries confirming his published Equation.
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