Progress Toward the Understanding of the Galactic Structure


http://earthchangesmedia.com/progress-toward-the-understanding-of-the-galactic-structure
Researchers at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias are studying the evolution and formation of hundreds of close galaxies and have just published new scientific images.

Studying the internal structure and the interaction among galaxies was carried o…

Researchers at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias are studying the evolution and formation of hundreds of close galaxies and have just published new scientific images.

galaxy structurs

Studying the internal structure and the interaction among was carried out by researchers of the Space Dynamics Group at UPM in collaboration with the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC). By combining the observational work with post-processed photos, researchers have successfully published new of 1768 . They have also developed the statistical analysis of their morphology and the interaction among galaxies from the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure (S4G). This represents a step forward in the comprehension of the origins of the universe.

Galaxies are made up of millions of stars and their structures depend on the processes in which they evolved, including interactions with other nearby galaxies. Galaxies are a key element in cosmology, since the understanding of their structure is an approach to the phenomena that govern the formation of the universe.

In order to make progress, researchers at the School of Aeronautics and Space Engineering in collaboration with IAC have analyzed almost 3,000 nearby galaxies observed within the framework of Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure (S4G), an exploration conducted by the Spitzer Space Telescope. The infrared images taken by Spitzer were complemented with optical images taken from other sources such as the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (Apache Point Observatory, Nuevo México, USA) and the Liverpool Telescope at the Observatorio de Roque de los Muchachos in La Palma (Spain).

These optical images have been properly reprocessed during this project and were made available to the scientific community. Thanks to this new image collection, researchers have completed two-thirds of the S4G.

Based on these images, researchers have carried out a statistical study of the morphology, composition and interaction among the galaxies.

The presence of a nearby galaxy can distort the morphology of another galaxy due to gravity. A visual inspection is not enough to determine whether two galaxies are close because researchers need to take into account the magnitude and relative speed between them. Within the framework of this project, the processed images have been contrasted with the physical data from the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED). Therefore, researchers can establish objective and measurable criteria to verify whether two galaxies are indeed close.

As a result of this study, it is estimated that nearly the 17% of the observed galaxies are close neighbors and the 3% of the galaxies show important signs of interaction. Additionally, they found that 32 galaxies show evidence of merging with their neighbors.  Lastly, they established diverse categories to set the interaction level among neighboring galaxies.

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About Earth Changes Media w/ Mitch Battros

Mitch Battros is a scientific journalist who is highly respected in both the scientific and spiritual communities due to his unique ability to bridge the gap between modern science and ancient text. Founded in 1995 – Earth Changes TV was born with Battros as its creator and chief editor for his syndicated television show. In 2003, he switched to a weekly radio show as Earth Changes Media. ECM quickly found its way in becoming a top source for news and discoveries in the scientific fields of astrophysics, space weather, earth science, and ancient text. Seeing the need to venture beyond the Sun-Earth connection, in 2016 Battros advanced his studies which incorporates our galaxy Milky Way - and its seemingly rhythmic cycles directly connected to our Solar System, Sun, and Earth driven by the source of charged particles such as galactic cosmic rays, gamma rays, and solar rays. Now, "Science Of Cycles" is the vehicle which brings the latest cutting-edge discoveries confirming his published Equation.
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