Continued evidence affirming Battros 2012 equation comes in the form of a new understanding of mantle plumes. My theory suggest mantle plumes become more active (or new ones form) when the Earth’s core is overheated, then modulates to maintain an ambient temperature via mantle plumes.
Increase Charged Particles → Decreased Magnetic Field → Increase Outer Core Convection → Increase of Mantle Plumes → Increase in Earthquake and Volcanoes → Cools Mantle and Outer Core → Return of Outer Core Convection (Mitch Battros – July 2012)
According to a group of current and former researchers at Arizona State University, the key to unlocking this complex, geochemical puzzle rests in a model of mantle dynamics consisting of plumes – upwelling’s of abnormally hot rock within Earth’s mantle – that originate in the lower mantle and physically interact with chemically distinct piles of material.
The team revealed this theoretical model of material transport can easily produce the chemical variability observed at hotspot volcanoes (such as Hawaii) around the world.
“This model provides a platform for understanding links between the physics and chemistry that formed our modern world as well as habitable planets elsewhere,” says Curtis Williams, lead author of the study whose results are published in the Nov. 24 issue of the journal Nature Communications.